If you're just starting your handmade business, you may not have gotten so far as to start thinking about selling in stores but it's a great way to gain exposure, sell more products and expand outside of your local community. Before you jump in, take a look at your pricing and decide which type of store you want to sell through.
The first thing to check is that your products are priced properly to make a profit selling through retailers. They will expect to purchase your products for around 50% of the retail price. If you take away half the money you receive for one of your items at a craft fair, is the amount you're left with still give you a profit?
When I was approached by a consignment store owner at one of my first few craft fairs, I hadn't thought about wholesale pricing. Selling one of my handbags at $40 was a pretty good profit but the thought of only making $20 from it made me realize I needed to raise my prices.
You may find your own formula for pricing but one that's commonly followed is: Materials + Time = Costs x 2 = Wholesale x 2 = Retail. This formula ensures that regardless of whether you're selling through a craft fair or retailer, your costs are covered and you're making a profit.
Wholesale vs Consignment
A good place to start is with local shops and boutiques
in your area. You'll be able to talk to the store owners face to face
and show them examples of your work. But first you need to decide what
type of route you want to take; wholesale or consignment. Take a look over the pros and cons of each to determine which method suits you best.
This means that a store will buy your products from you at wholesale price to be displayed and sold in their store.
- You're getting paid upfront for your products so you know how much money you're bringing in that month, from each store
- Store owners have an invested interest in selling your goods because it means a loss for them if they don't
- They own that product so if it goes out of season before it sells or it is lost, stolen or damaged, it's in their hands and doesn't affect your bottom line
- You can set order minimums to be sure you're making enough money to warrant selling your pieces to them for wholesale prices
- There is a little less wiggle room. If your products don't sell the first time around, the store owner may not be willing to risk buying more stock from you. Consignment on the other hand, allows you and the store owner to play with which stock works for their store, with less risk.
- You need to be capable of filling orders by their deadlines. Consignment has a little more back and forth with the retailer and you can usually work with them to stock their shelves with items you have available or what works for you at that time.
- Once a store buys an item from you, they own that product and are free to display it and sell it in their store as they please, which may not be cohesive with the brand and image you've built
This means that a store will house your products, paying you wholesale price for any that sell at the end of a determined period and giving you back any that don't sell.
- It can be a good way to get your foot in the door with a retailer as it's less of a risk for the shop owner and may eventually turn into a wholesale agreement if they sell well
- If you have a good relationship with the store owner, they may be a little more flexible with their inventory. Meaning if you have a big sale approaching, they may allow you to take your stock out of their store and re-stock them once the sale is over
- Some boutiques are more generous with their consignment commission giving you more than the 50%. However this can work the other way as well with you getting less than 50% commission.
- It can be a great way to test the waters and get a feel for what sells and what doesn't without damaging your reputation with a store. If you sell your items wholesale to a store, they don't sell and the store takes a loss, they most likely won't do business with you again.
Of course you should always have a contract when dealing with another party so make sure you outline all of your terms regarding payments, products and incidentals before you move forward. Don't forget to include details regarding how long the shop will keep your items, this especially comes in handy if you sell seasonal products. If you can get them back before the end of the season, that gives you time to sell them online or at a craft fair instead of sitting on them for 6 months.
- You don't get paid unless your items sell
- Your commission can vary from store to store. Some may only pay you 30-40% of the selling price
- Unsold items get returned to you which may mean you're left with shop-worn or out of season products that are hard to sell
- Because the store owner hasn't put any investment into your pieces it may mean less commitment from them to make that sale. Pieces they've already paid for and own, may take priority.
- You must be very organized with each item they're given, what sells and what is being returned to you. Don't rely on the store to keep track of it for you as mistakes can happen.
- For me, consignment resulted in a lot more running around. You not only have to get new items to the store but you also have to pick them up when they're done with them and there was always touching up and re-tagging to do before I could sell the pieces myself
- You basically need to put your trust in the store owner that they are going to pay you on time and take good care of your products. You should always do your homework to find out if they are a reputable company.
There are also the options of renting a space in a retailers, which not all offer, as well as drop shipping, which is when an online retailer sells your goods but you're responsible for shipping them. Which is the best option for you?
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